Protein and Polysaccharide-Based Fiber Materials Generated from Ionic Liquids: A Review

Protein and Polysaccharide-Based Fiber Materials Generated from Ionic Liquids: A Review

natural biomacromolecules such as structural proteins and polysaccharides composed of the basic building blocks of life: amino acids and carbohydrates. Understand their molecular structure, self-assembly and interaction in solvents such as ionic liquids (ILS) is very important to release new material flora, revolutionizing the way we make multi-structural systems and multi-functional with tunable physicochemical properties.

Ionic liquids are superior to organic solvents because they do not produce unwanted by-products and is considered a green replacement for their reusability. In addition, they will significantly improve the biopolymer miscibility with other materials while maintaining the mechanical properties of the biopolymer in the final product. Understanding and controlling the physicochemical properties of the biopolymer in an ionic liquid matrix will be very important for the progress leading to the ability to create powerful multi-level 1D structural fiber material.

It will also help to predict the relationship between fiber and protein secondary structure conformation or carbohydrate crystallinity, thereby creating potential applications for cell growth signaling, ionic conductivity, liquid diffusion and thermal conductivity, and some applications in the biomedical and environmental sciences. It will also enable the regeneration of the biopolymer composite fiber materials with useful functionality and a customized selection is important for additive manufacturing.

Specific skills fiber materials have proven to vary based on their fabrication methods including electrospinning and post-treatment. This review serves to provide basic knowledge is commonly used in protein and polysaccharide biopolymer and method of fabrication of their fiber from a variety of ionic liquids, as well as the effect of post-treatment on fiber materials and their applications in biomedical research and pharmaceuticals, wound healing, filter environmental and chemical research sustainable and green.

 Protein and Polysaccharide-Based Fiber Materials Generated from Ionic Liquids: A Review
Protein and Polysaccharide-Based Fiber Materials Generated from Ionic Liquids: A Review

Increased absorption of phenol solution using a modified silver nanoparticles Palm Kernel Shell Activated Carbon

Modified Palm Kernel Shell Activated Carbon (PKSAC) use silver nanoparticles (Ag-NP-PKSAC) investigated the uptake of phenol from aqueous solution. The effect of temperature (500-700 ° C), time (90-120 minutes), and alkali concentration (0.1-0.5 M) were studied on yield and methylene blue number for synthesis.

The influence of the initial concentration (100-200 mg / L), agitation (150-250 rpm), the contact time (30-120 minutes), and adsorbent dosage (0.15 to 0.25 g) were studied in batch experiments on the percentage elimination of phenol , MCC, char, PKSAC and Ag-NP-PKSAC characterized using BET, FTIR, SEM, and the proximate analysis. Synthesis PKSAC optimum at 608 ° C, 0.5 M KOH, and carbonization holding time of 60 minutes.

Polystyrene-bottomed 96-well plate (ELISA)

CT361 6
EUR 87.6

Streptavidin coated 96-well Plate

6523-5
EUR 392.4

Adapter for 96 well plate

3510147 1unit
EUR 6697.2

Plate 96 Well Immulon II

3455 PK50
EUR 243.96

96 well PCR plate ns

AXY2164 PK50
EUR 220.02

Black 96 Well Plate, 1EA

X025-1EA 1EA
EUR 87.6

96 Well Semi Skirted Plate

PCR1216 PK50
EUR 150.48

96 Well Skirted PCR Plate

PCR1236 PK50
EUR 299.82

96-Well Protein Folding Plate

PFS096 kit
EUR 347.84
Description: This product includes one 96-well plate with 96 protein folding solutions, 0.5 ml in each well of the mother plate; 1.4 ml of Inclusion Body Solubilizer; 4 ml of Neutralizer. Each experiment uses 0.1 ml of the solutions from the mother plate. Each mother plate contains 0.5 ml of solutions in each well and can be used for multiple experiments of folding various proteins.

96 well filter plate (960ul each well)

SD5006 12UNIT
EUR 115.85

Deep Well Plate 96 Well 2.0 ML

AXYPDW20C PK50
EUR 181.26

96 Deep Well Plate Square Well V

PCR0246 PK50
EUR 258.78

Brand 96 Well Deep Well Plate-Stackable

BR701354-24EA PK24
EUR 144.78

UNIFILTER PLATE 96 WELL 800 UL/WELL

WHA77002803 PK25
EUR 823.08

96 WELL CLEAR PCR PLATE FOR ABI

PCR-96-AB-C 10/pk
EUR 200.4
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; A354 PCR Plate-Axygen

24 Well Solid Bottom Assay Plate

PCR0352 PK100
EUR 373.92

1.2ML 96 WELL DEEP WELL PLATE HIGH CLARITY

P-DW-12-HC 5/pk
EUR 182.4
Description: Deep Well/Assay Plates - Axygen; Deep-well plates - Axygen

DEEP WELL PLATE 96 WELL 2.0 ML STERIL

AXYPDW20CS PK50
EUR 216.6

Clear Coated 96 Well Plate, 1EA

C107-1EA 1EA
EUR 226.8

96 well filter plate (no filter)

SD5006-EMPTY 12UNIT
EUR 104.89

Falcon Microtest Black 96 Well Plate

353376 PK32
EUR 199.5

Nunc Lid for 96 well plate

264122 PK50
EUR 116.28

MULTIWELL PLATE POLYSTYRENE 96-WELL FLA

M2936-100EA PK100
EUR 115.14

PCR Plate Non Skirted 96 Well

MOL2364 PK50
EUR 259.69

PCR Plate Semi Skirted 96 Well

MOL2366 PK50
EUR 251.83

Plate 96 Well Immulon 1 FB

N3355 PK50
EUR 177.84

S100 96-well PCR Plate Adapter

E5391070026 EACH
EUR 335.16

S200 96-well PCR Plate Adapter

E5392070038 EACH
EUR 335.16

96 Deep Well Plate Square Wells

PCR0240 PK100
EUR 270.18

96 Deep Well Plate Round Wells

PCR0242 PK50
EUR 232.56

96 Deep Well Plate Square WellU

PCR0256 PK50
EUR 180.12

96 Well Solid Bottom Plate Black

PCR0354 PK100
EUR 343.14

96 Well Solid Bottom Plate White

PCR0360 PK100
EUR 313.5

96 Well PCR Plate Clear Wells

PCR0972 PK50
EUR 201.78

96 Well PCR Plate Divisible In12

PCR1064 PK50
EUR 128.82

96 Well Semi-Skirted PCR Plate

PCR1106 PK50
EUR 285

96 Well ABI Fast Plate Pcr

PCR1200 PK50
EUR 201.78

96 Well Roche Style Qpcr Plate

PCR1210 PK50
EUR 223.44

96 Well Roche Style Pcr Plate

PCR1214 PK50
EUR 233.7

96 Well Roche Style PCR Plate

PCR1218 PK50
EUR 213.18

96 Well Skirted Plate+ Q-Stick

PCR1238 PK50
EUR 218.88

Random Access 96 Well Plate Skir

PCR1412 PK50
EUR 233.7

INTELLI-PLATE 96-2 Shallow well

MAR-102-0001-20 120 PLATES
EUR 990
Description: INTELLI-PLATE 96-2 Shallow well;  2-well sitting drop, 120 plates

Benchmark Beadblaster 96 Adapter for 96 Well Plate

HOM3208 PK2
EUR 1423.86

96 WELL SITTING DROP HIGH THROUGHPUT CRYSTALLOGRAPHY PLATE.

CP-AXYGEM-96-50 10/pk
EUR 548.4
Description: Crystallography Plates; Crystallography Plates - Axygen

96 WELL CLEAR PCR HALF SKIRT AMPLIFICATION PLATE

PCR-96-HS-C 10/pk
EUR 190.8
Description: PCR Plates & Tubes; A354 PCR Plate-Axygen

96 well DNA plate with membrane (960ul each well)

SD5007 12UNIT
EUR 291.24

96 well RNA plate with membrane (960ul each well)

SD5009 12UNIT
EUR 313.16

Radius 96-Well Cell Migration Assay

CBA-126 96 assays
EUR 686.4
Description: The Radius Cell Migration Assay provides a unique alternative to conventional cell migration assays using the Boyden chamber. Unlike Boyden chamber assays which may only be analyzed at endpoint, the Radius assay uses a proprietary cell culture plate containing a carefully-defined biocompatible hydrogel (Radius gel) spot centralized at the bottom of each well. When cells are seeded in the well, they will attach everywhere except on the Radius gel, creating a cell-free zone. Following cell seeding the Radius gel is removed, allowing migratory cells to move across the area and close the gap.

Radius 96-Well Cell Migration Assay

CBA-126-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 2697.6
Description: The Radius Cell Migration Assay provides a unique alternative to conventional cell migration assays using the Boyden chamber. Unlike Boyden chamber assays which may only be analyzed at endpoint, the Radius assay uses a proprietary cell culture plate containing a carefully-defined biocompatible hydrogel (Radius gel) spot centralized at the bottom of each well. When cells are seeded in the well, they will attach everywhere except on the Radius gel, creating a cell-free zone. Following cell seeding the Radius gel is removed, allowing migratory cells to move across the area and close the gap.

CytoSelect 96-well Cell Transformation Assay

CBA-130 96 assays
EUR 866.4
Description: Our CytoSelect 96-Well Cell Transformation Assay (Soft Agar Colony Formation) is suitable for measuring cell transformation where no downstream analysis is required. Cells are incubated in a semisolid agar medium for 7-8 days. The cells are then solubilized, lysed and detected using the included fluorescent dye in a fluorometric plate reader.

CytoSelect 96-well Cell Transformation Assay

CBA-130-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 3463.2
Description: Our CytoSelect 96-Well Cell Transformation Assay (Soft Agar Colony Formation) is suitable for measuring cell transformation where no downstream analysis is required. Cells are incubated in a semisolid agar medium for 7-8 days. The cells are then solubilized, lysed and detected using the included fluorescent dye in a fluorometric plate reader.

CytoSelect 96-well Phagocytosis Assay (Zymosan)

CBA-224 96 assays
EUR 866.4
Description: Phagocytosis can be assayed by measuring the engulfment of a cell "substrate". However, traditional assays require tedious cell counting under a microscope. Our CytoSelect 96-Well Phagocytosis Assay, Zymosan Substrate provides a more accurate, user-friendly, high-throughput alternative to the standard phagocytosis assay. The assay may be adapted for use with 24-well or 48-well plates.

CytoSelect 96-well Phagocytosis Assay (Zymosan)

CBA-224-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 3525.6
Description: Phagocytosis can be assayed by measuring the engulfment of a cell "substrate". However, traditional assays require tedious cell counting under a microscope. Our CytoSelect 96-Well Phagocytosis Assay, Zymosan Substrate provides a more accurate, user-friendly, high-throughput alternative to the standard phagocytosis assay. The assay may be adapted for use with 24-well or 48-well plates.

OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Kit

STA-355 96 assays
EUR 512.4
Description: Our OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Kits provide a higher-throughput way to screen for general DNA damage, regardless of the source or nature of the damage. Kits contain Comet Slides, reagents, and a fluorescent dye to visualize cells under an epifluorescence microscope.

OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Kit

STA-355-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 1959.6
Description: Our OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Kits provide a higher-throughput way to screen for general DNA damage, regardless of the source or nature of the damage. Kits contain Comet Slides, reagents, and a fluorescent dye to visualize cells under an epifluorescence microscope.

OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Slide

STA-356 1 slide
EUR 219.6
Description: The OxiSelect Comet Assay Slides are useful as a screening tool for various types of DNA damage. Slides are specially treated for adhesion of low-melting agarose. Easily visualize results by epifluorescence microscopy.

OxiSelect 96-Well Comet Assay Slide

STA-356-5 5 slides
EUR 622.8
Description: The OxiSelect Comet Assay Slides are useful as a screening tool for various types of DNA damage. Slides are specially treated for adhesion of low-melting agarose. Easily visualize results by epifluorescence microscopy.

96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit

STA-416 96 assays
EUR 1027.2
Description: Rho-associated Kinase (ROCK) mediates Rho signaling and reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton by phosphorylation of several substrates that contribute to the assembly of actin filaments and contractility. ROCK inactivates myosin phosphatase through the specific phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) at Thr-696, which results in an increase in the phosphorylated content of the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20). Our 96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit uses a safe, non-radioactive format to measure the level of active Rho Kinase in cell or tissue lysates. The kit contains a strip-well plate pre-coated with recombinant MYPT1.

96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit

STA-416-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 4228.8
Description: Rho-associated Kinase (ROCK) mediates Rho signaling and reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton by phosphorylation of several substrates that contribute to the assembly of actin filaments and contractility. ROCK inactivates myosin phosphatase through the specific phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1) at Thr-696, which results in an increase in the phosphorylated content of the 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC20). Our 96-Well ROCK Activity Assay Kit uses a safe, non-radioactive format to measure the level of active Rho Kinase in cell or tissue lysates. The kit contains a strip-well plate pre-coated with recombinant MYPT1.

Benchmark Beadblaster 96 Eva Cap Mat for 96 Well Deep Well Plate

HOM3232 EACH
EUR 98.04

96 Well Breast Tumor Genomic DNA Plate

D8235086-1 1 plate
EUR 379.2

96 Well Colon Tumor Genomic DNA Plate

D8235090-1 1 plate
EUR 379.2

96 Well Lung Tumor Genomic DNA Plate

D8235152-1 1 plate
EUR 379.2

96 Well Stomach Tumor Genomic DNA Plate

D8235248-1 1 plate
EUR 379.2

96-Well Plate PCR Products Purification Kit

BS365 5XPlates, 480prep
EUR 300.37

96-Well Plate PCR Products Purification Kit

BS3652 2xPlates, 192prep
EUR 186.19

96-Well Plate DNA Cleanup Miniprep Kit

BS369 5XPlates, 480prep
EUR 300.37

96-Well Plate DNA Cleanup Miniprep Kit

BS3692 2xPlates, 192prep
EUR 186.19

96-Well Plate Plasmid DNA Miniprep Kit

BS415 5XPlates, 480prep
EUR 300.37

96-Well Plate Plasmid DNA Miniprep Kit

BS4152 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 186.19

Polystyrene-bottomed 96-well plate + lid (ELISPOT)

CT365 5
EUR 93.6

96-Well Plate Viral DNA Miniprep Kit

VT92032 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 495.86

96-well PCR Plate Non-Skirted natural

AB-0600 PK25
EUR 160.74

96-well PCR Plate Non-Skirted (White)

AB-0600W PK25
EUR 191.52

96-well PCR Plate (Segmented Semi-Skirted)

AB-0900 PK25
EUR 159.6

SuperPlate 96-well PCR Plate Semi-Skirted

AB-2400 PK25
EUR 207.48

Thermo Fast 96 Well PCR Plate - PK25

AB0800 PK25
EUR 225.72

Nunc Lid for 96 Well Plate SH

263339 PK100
EUR 102.6

PCR Plate 96 Well No Skirt Nat

LW2200 PK100
EUR 452.58

MULTIWELL PLATE, POLYSTYRENE 96-WELL U-B

M2186-100EA PK100
EUR 115.14

2 x Clear 96 well Plate, 2EA

X003-2EA 2EA
EUR 78

5 x Clear 96 well Plate, 5EA

X003-5EA 5EA
EUR 96

2 x Clear 96 well Plate, 2EA

X018-2EA 2EA
EUR 78

4 x Clear 96 Well Plate, 4EA

X018-4EA 4EA
EUR 104.4

Black Half Area 96 Well Plate, 1EA

X023-1EA 1EA
EUR 96

96 Deep Well Plate Round Wells U

PCR0228 PK100
EUR 166.44

96 Deep Well Plate Round Wells V

PCR0230 PK100
EUR 166.44

96 Well PCR Plate Divisible In 8

PCR1060 PK50
EUR 128.82

96 Well PCR Plate Divisible In 8

PCR1062 PK50
EUR 140.22

96 Well Impact MicroBatch Plate, 80/CSE

M-673101 80 PLATES
EUR 808
Description: 96 Well Impact MicroBatch Plate, 80/CSE

SpotLiter? 96 well Plate Light Tracker (foot pedal & USB included)

ACT-SL-96
EUR 776.4

1.2ML 96 WELL DEEP WELL PLATE HIGH CLARITY PRE-STERILIZED

P-DW-12-HC-S 5/pk
EUR 248.4
Description: Deep Well/Assay Plates - Axygen; Deep-well plates - Axygen

96 WELL PLATE; SQUARE; U BASE; 1.6ML; PP; 96/PK

60180-P155 PK96
EUR 484.5

Benchmark Beadblaster 96 96 Well Plate Prefilled with 4mm Beads

HOM3228 PK10
EUR 2199.06

CytoSelect 96-well Anoikis Assay (Colorimetric/Fluorometric)

CBA-081 96 assays
EUR 727.2
Description: Adhesion to the extraceullular matrix is essential for the survival and propagation of many adherent cells. Apoptosis resulting from the loss of adhesion to the ECM is known as anoikis. Anoikis is involved in the physiological processes of tissue renewal and cell homeostasis. Our CytoSelect Anoikis Assays allow you to quantify and monitor anoikis in cells using a precoated plate. Live cells can be viewed under a microscope and quantified on a plate reader by MTT (colorimetric) or Calcein AM (fluorometric); both reagents are included in the kit. Dead cells are detected with the red EthD-1 reagent, also included.

96-well Checkpoint Kinase Activity Assay Kit

STA-414 96 assays
EUR 908.4
Description: Our 96-well Checkpoint Kinase Activity Assay Kit provides a non-isotopic, sensitive and specific method to monitor checkpoint kinase activity using its physiological substrate; it can also be used in screening checkpoint kinase inhibitors.

96-well Checkpoint Kinase Activity Assay Kit

STA-414-5 5 x 96 assays
EUR 3672
Description: Our 96-well Checkpoint Kinase Activity Assay Kit provides a non-isotopic, sensitive and specific method to monitor checkpoint kinase activity using its physiological substrate; it can also be used in screening checkpoint kinase inhibitors.

Block for 96 well plate, WSC-2620/30

4002659 1unit
EUR 458.4
Description: Bl ock for WSC-2620 / 2630

96 Well Plate Blood Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BT92031 2Plates, 192prep
EUR 210.85

96 Well Plate Blood Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BT92032 5Plates, 480prep
EUR 389.9

96 Well Plate RNA Cleanup and Concentration Kit

BRC1251 2xPlates, 192prep
EUR 300.37

96-Well Plate Animal Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BS437 5XPlates, 480prep
EUR 435.58

96-Well Plate Animal Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BS4372 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 234.6

96 Well Plate Yeast Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BS8357 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 234.6

96-Well Plate Plant Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

BS8361 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 234.6

PVDF membrane-bottomed 96-well plate + lid (ELISPOT)

CT366 5
EUR 268.8

96-well Plasmid DNA Extraction Kit (1 plate)

FAPWE-96001 1 prep
EUR 175.2

96-Well Plate Bacteria Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

SK1292 2XPlates, 192prep
EUR 210.85

96-Well Plate Bacteria Genomic DNA Miniprep Kit

SK1295 5XPlates, 480prep
EUR 389.9

96 WELL PLATE; SQUARE; 2ML; PP; 1/PK

60180-P403 EACH
EUR 17.1

96-well PCR Plate (Non-Skirted+black lettering)

AB-0600-L PK25
EUR 168.72

96-well Low Profile PCR Plate Non-Skirted

AB-0700 PK25
EUR 171

Abgene Thermo 96 Well PCR Plate Skirted Blue

AB0800B PK25
EUR 245.1

Culture Plate 96 Well Non Treated Ind. Wrapped

ARG1476 PK100
EUR 302.1

Tissue Culture Plate 96 Well Treated Ind. Wrapped

ARG1492 PK100
EUR 362.52

Nunc 96 Well Glass OPB Plate non-treated

265300 PK30
EUR 3098.52

Nunc 96 Well OBP Plate Black non-treated

265301 PK30
EUR 416.1

Nunc 96 Well OBP Plate White non-treated

265302 PK30
EUR 568.86

Microbiol clear skirted PCR plate 96 well 10pcs

E0030129300 EACH
EUR 82.08

Microbiol blue skirted PCR plate 96 well 10pcs

E0030129318 EACH
EUR 82.08

PCR plate 96 well unskirted 250ul clear 20pcs

E0030133366 EACH
EUR 86.64

PCR plate 96 well unskirted 250ul blue 20pcs

E0030133390 EACH
EUR 86.64

Adapter for 96-well PCR plate 2 pcs.

E5825711009 PK2
EUR 150.48

BRAND(TM) 96-WELL PCR PLATE SKIRTED WH

BR781378-50EA PK50
EUR 382.93

UNIFILTER PLATE 96 WELL 800 UL/PER WEL

WHA77002801 EACH
EUR 823.08

96 Deep Well Masterblock Storage Plate, 50/CSE

M-780261 50 PLATES
EUR 240
Description: 96 Deep Well Masterblock Storage Plate, 50/CSE

INTELLI-PLATE 96-2 shallow well, low profile

MAR-102-0001-21 120 PLATES
EUR 990
Description: INTELLI-PLATE 96-2 shallow well, low profile;   2-well sitting drop, 120 plates

Modular In Situ-1 96 Well Crystallization Plate

ML-MIS-FP3D 1 PLATE
EUR 392
Description: Modular In Situ-1 96 Well Crystallization Plate

Wizard Classic 1 and 2 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 formulations 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

M-R-1008647 96 X 1.7 ml
EUR 316
Description: Wizard Classic 1 and 2 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 formulations 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

Wizard Classic 3 and 4 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 formulations 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

M-R-1008648 97 X 1.7 ml
EUR 316
Description: Wizard Classic 3 and 4 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 formulations 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

Wizard Cryo 1 and 2 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 conditions 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

M-R-1008649 98 X 1.7 ml
EUR 316
Description: Wizard Cryo 1 and 2 96 Well Matrix Block Plate (96 conditions 1.7 mL volumes in a 96-Well block plate)

Phenol optimum absorption was 85.64, 90.29 and 91.70% for PKSAC, Ag-NP-PKSAC and commercial adsorbents, respectively. The mechanism of phenol adsorption followed Langmuir isotherm and best described as a physio-absorption by the pseudo-second-order kinetics. Phenol showed high affinity (ΔS ° = 0.0079 kJ / mol K) for Ag-NP-PKSAC with favorable adsorption (AG ° = -1.551 kJ / mol) at high temperature for the endothermic (ΔH ° = 1.072 kJ / mol) properties system. The results obtained in this study compares favorably with literature.

Sean

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